Low prices, sunny weather, friendly people, and delicious wine… What more can you expect from the perfect holiday destination? Even though Bulgaria has all of these factors, it’s still not the most popular place to travel to. Too bad! This country is definitely worth visiting. In this post, we are giving you the most beautiful places in Bulgaria, on and off the beaten path.
Everyone will find something for themselves in Bulgaria. If you want to relax on the beach, there are many awesome resorts in the country. Those who want to sightsee will enjoy the historic monuments Bulgaria has to offer. Finally, foodies will enjoy delicious Bulgarian wine and yummy Slavic food.
Here’s the map of the most beautiful places in Bulgaria that you can find in this post:
For most visitors to Bulgaria, everything starts and ends with the magnificent capital, Sofia.
Even in a country that boasts a huge variety of tremendous highlights (i.e. beaches, mountains, monasteries, etc.), this pleasant, photogenic capital manages to stand out among the alternatives. With a relaxed, welcoming atmosphere and an extremely walkable central area, Sofia is perfect for leisurely exploring and spectacular amateur photography.
Probably the most famous attraction in Sofia is the massive Aleksander Nevsky Cathedral, a gorgeously iconic symbol of Bulgaria and extremely picturesque from every angle.
Other highlights include the Boyana Church with its UNESCO World Heritage frescoes, the terrific remains of the Church of St. George, and the Roman ruins of the Amphitheatre of Serdica that sit in the center of urban Sofia like an amazing historical abscess.
Then, of course, there is the St. Sofia Basilica, a 4th-century masterpiece that gave the city its name and is the oldest active church in Sofia. The eerie tombs hidden below are definitely worth a look.
Wide and modern Vitosha Boulevard runs through the heart of the city and serves as the focal point for local life. Meanwhile, Sofia’s quaintly classic tram system provides both cheap and convenient public transportation and great photo ops around every corner. Throw in a bevy of great parks and scenic plazas and Sofia is the kind of city that can stick with you long after you’ve left.
Undoubtedly one of the most beautiful places in Bulgaria is the charming city of Plovdiv. Located to the south roughly 140-kilometers from the capital of Sofia, you can easily get there by car or by bus.
Plovdiv is recognized as Europe’s oldest continuously inhabited city and is known for its rich cultural heritage. History lovers will enjoy learning about the Roman, Persian, and Ottoman influences throughout the city.
Explore the romantic pedestrian streets of Old Plovdiv, where you can admire the millennia-old architecture, Ottoman-era townhouses, and colorful buildings. There are countless iconic landmarks to visit, including the Dzhumaya Mosque, the Ancient Theatre of Philippopolis, and the Regional Ethnographic Museum.
Today, the Kapana neighborhood is the heart of the city and also its creative quarters. You’ll find plenty of cozy cafes and restaurants, art galleries, as well as unique boutiques.
Check out Cu29 – this cafe/art gallery showcases new local artists from Plovdiv. Magura Street is a great place to pick up some local souvenirs, such as traditional Bulgarian belts and kukere masks. Lastly, be sure to enjoy some local wine and food during your visit. Some of the best restaurants include Pavaj, Raha Tepe, and Megdana.
Rila Lakes is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit in Bulgaria due to its sheer beauty and fantastic hiking opportunities. Easily accessible as a day trip from Sofia, this collection of seven scenic lakes were formed by ancient melting glaciers.
You can hike around many of them, discovering lakes such as The Tear and The Kidney named after their distinctive shapes. Hiking in Rila National Park is a refreshing and beautiful experience due to its cooler elevated experience and crystal-clear springs that you can fill your water bottle from.
An easy hike is from the cable car drop-off point to The Kidney and back again. If you’re keen for even more impressive views and don’t mind a fairly intense incline, you can make it to the top viewpoint and look out over all seven lakes at once.
From Sofia, you can hike, take a public bus or a convenient return day tour to Rila National Park. It’s recommendable to take the cable car from the parking area (€9 return) otherwise there’s an extra 2-hour steep hike involved without any notable scenery.
Al Adzha Monastery
Al Adzha Monastery is a complex of buildings carved within the cave system close to Varna. It is 17 km both of the beautiful beach city and 3 km from the very touristy Golden Sand Beach Resort.
The monastery is surrounded by the Golden Sands nature park which makes the way and the experience very intriguing.
The cave monastery has been around since the 4th century A.D and the more conservative locals still consider this area and the hills around to be sacred.
The monastery, its multiple residential rooms, and three churches are painstakingly carved into an almost 40 meters high limestone rock which is then connected with external stairs. It really is a fascinating spot to marvel at human ingenuity.
The monks didn’t just stop there. The monastery was named as such due to the Turkish word which means bright due to the brightly painted wall paintings and frescoes on its wall which mostly have been lost to time.
Al Adzha monastery is easy to reach by car or taxi and you can easily explore this beautiful wonder in a few hours. If you prefer to explore and enjoy the quietness that drew so many monks here go early in the morning and don’t forget to put on some sturdy shoes with a good grip.
Pirin National Park
Pirin National Park is one of the most beautiful places in Bulgaria and a true paradise for hiking lovers. Encompassing the larger part of the Pirin Mountains, Pirin National Park is one of the three national parks in the country. Its highest peak is Vihren peak (2, 914), second highest in Bulgaria, and third highest in the Balkans. The park has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.
Pirin is famous for its 118 glacier lakes, the largest and the deepest of them being Popovo Lake. In the area of Pirin Mountains, there are more than 1, 300 plants – rare, endemic, glacial relicts, and endangered. The oldest tree in Bulgaria is located in Pirin, too, Baikushev’s pine, 1, 300 years old! While hiking, you can come across wild goats, falcons, and eagles.
For hiking lovers, there are many stunning trails across the national park. One of the most famous hikes is the one to the Vihren peak. Other interesting and panoramic peaks are Sinanitsa, Todorka, Muratov, Polezhan, Kamenitsa, and Dzhano, to name a few.
Most of the trails are signposted routes, well marked and you can easily follow them without worrying about getting lost. There are also several mountain huts and shelters in the Pirin National Park area where you can sleep, as well as get something to eat. Please note that some might not be managed during the winter. Even if they are not, they are left unlocked so people can use their facilities in case of emergency.
And while hiking is a great activity all year round, in winter, Pirin National Park is also an amazing ski destination. The town of Bansko that it’s located at the foot of Pirin Mountain, is one of Europe’s best ski resorts offering about 80 km of slopes.
Veliko Tarnovo, the ‘City of the Tsars’, is a must-visit in Bulgaria. Its vernacular architecture and grand Tsarevets Castle make it an extremely picturesque city, especially in the wintertime when everything is cloaked in fresh snow.
Located in the country’s north-west on the banks of the Yantra River, VT is easily reached by bus from either Sofia or Plovdiv in under 3 hours.
In the Middle Ages, Veliko Tarnovo was a major center of culture in Europe. For this reason, the city is flush with history and beautiful architecture. The old town, in particular, is known for its Baroque public buildings, cobbled streets, and ornate merchant’s houses whose colorful steeped roofs creep up the hillside.
The grandest building – and main tourist attraction – in Veliko Tarnovo is Tsarevets, a fortified citadel that sits high on one of the city’s three hills. Tsarevets was built during the time of the Second Bulgarian Empire and features a complex of churches, palaces, stone walls, and towers, all offering magnificent vistas of the city and river below.
For the best views of Tsarevets, head up the road to the small town of Arbanasi where you can look down on the fortress from the main road. For the prettiest views of Veliko Tarnovo itself, head to the main street in the upper town. Here, you’ll find a row of restaurants and cafes, all with balconies overlooking the horseshoe bend in the river.
Melnik is a vibrant small town in the Southwest of Bulgaria near the border with Greece. Officially, it’s the smallest town in Bulgaria with only 385 inhabitants.
Bulgaria’s most known wine is produced in Melnik – it’s the heavy dark red kind, made here already during the Middle Ages and exported abroad. The town experienced the biggest boom from the 13th century on. You can find many examples of houses built during that era, as well as ruins of churches, which Melnik had 70 of! From the time of the nationalist movement, several stunning houses can be explored as ethnographic museums. Visit e.g. the 260 years old Kordopulov House of a local merchant.
You can taste the wine in many wine cellars that open their door to visitors. Every restaurant in Melnik is well stocked with local wine too since it’s a point of national pride.
Melnik has another unique sight worth traveling for – the so-called Melnik pyramids. They are unique sandstone formations created by heavy rains and erosion, which did its work on the sensitive sand and clay materials in the ground. Up to 100m high and fully accessible to the public, they provide quite some adrenaline-filled views of the landscapes around. Near there you can also come to admire the medieval Rozhen monastery.
You can get to Melnik from Sofia either by driving a car (2.5 hours) or hopping on a bus, which leaves every day at 2 pm and takes about 4 hours.
You might have heard that Bulgaria has quite a coastline with many seaside resorts, but one of its jewels is a small town called Balchik. It’s a port-town set on a few levels, it doesn’t really have a beach but still receives a lot of tourists each summer.
Why? Mostly because of the Botanical Gardens and Queen Mary’s Palace Complex.
For a brief time, between 1913 and 1940, Balchik and the northern part of the Bulgarian coast were part of the Romanian Kingdom.
Queen Mary of Romania fell in love with the town and had a summer residence built right by the sea. Balchik Palace and Bran Castle, the most famous castle in Romania, were her favorite residences. It is called a Palace, but it is a beautiful villa with both Bulgarian and Islamic influences.
The Queen had artistic inclinations, so Balchik also became a popular destination for the painters’ community. Both Bulgarian and Romanian artists still frequent Balchik every year in search of beautiful landscapes.
The famous Botanical Gardens are part of the same complex. The terraced gardens have 600 different species, a rose garden at the lower level, a cacti area, and a beautiful tulips garden at the highest level.
The easiest way to visit the complex is to start from the higher entrance and make your way down level by level to the Palace.
Bansko is a small mountain town located two hours from Sofia. Ideal for hiking and cycling during summertime, it’s also a ski resort destination during winter. Bansko is definitely a destination for adventurers.
There aren’t many indoor activities available in this small town. Lots of expats and digital nomads choose Bansko as a home base since it’s affordable and close to the mountains. In fact, you can just walk up to the mountain from the town.
When you think of Bansko, imagine barbecues in the mountains, spa and sauna sessions, and relaxing times at the hot springs. Bansko may be a small Bulgarian town but you can experience the culture and try lots of outdoor adventures while you’re there.
When in Bansko, you can try traditional Bulgarian food in local restaurants or opt for Bansko specialties such as Kapama, Banski Chomlek, or Starets. Every restaurant has a typical vibe and you can even enjoy some Bulgarian music during your meals.
On Sunday morning, head to the old town and visit the food market. You can get spices, pickles, fresh eggs, fruits, and vegetables there. You can also walk around the old town to purchase souvenirs or handmade goods.
Bansko should be on your itinerary especially if you’re doing a road-trip across Bulgaria. You can also organize a transfer or take the bus to reach Bansko.
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